Lactation and COVID-19

Minnesota Resources

Minnesota Department of Health (MDH)

MDH. (n.d.). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). (Index page for protecting yourself and family, strategies to slow the spread, and more.)

MDH. (2020, updated daily). Situation Update for Coronavirus Disease 2019. (Data collected by MDH about COVID-19 in MN.)

MDH. (n.d.). Protecting Yourself and Your Family. (Includes information about pregnant and postpartum people, and breastfeeding during the COVID-19 crisis.)

MDH. (n.d.). Women, Infants & Children (WIC). (Index page with links to MN WIC COVID-19 Information and Resources, Breastfeeding and You and Breastfeeding during the COVID-19 Health Crisis.

State of Minnesota

State of Minnesota. (n.d.). MN COVID-19 Response. Coronavirus Disease in Minnesota. If you are sick and testing locations.

Minnesota Perinatal Organization (MPO)

MPO. (n.d.). COVID-19 Updates.

National Breastfeeding/Lactation Organizations

United States Breastfeeding Committee (USBC)

USBC. (2020, April 16). Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies including COVID-19. (Multiple resources).

USBC. (n.d.). How is the COVID-19 Pandemic Impacting Infant Feeding? (Short “stories” submitted to USBC by parents, health care professionals, and others).

International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA)

ILCA. (n.d.). Resources for skilled lactation providers on COVID-19. (Latest updates and more.)

IlCA. (2020, March 18). ILCA Statement on breastfeeding and lactation support during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lactation Matters: The ILCA Blog. Link to page.

American Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine. (2020, March 10). ABM Statement on Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Link

Milk Banking and COVID-19

Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HMBANA)

HMBANA. (n.d.) COVID-19 (Resources).

Minnesota Milk Bank for Babies (MnMBB)

MnMBB. (n.d.) Tour the website of our local milk bank!

Guidance from National and International Public Health Organizations

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

CDC. (n.d.). Clinical Care Guidance for Healthcare Professionals about Coronavirus (COVID-19). Index page for caring for pregnant women, breastfeeding women, infants and children and more.

CDC. (2020, May 13). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Pregnancy & breastfeeding. Key points for pregnant persons and families.

CDC. (2020, March 26). Cleaning and disinfection for households: Interim recommendations for U.S. households with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Link to page.


UNICEF. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): What parents should know. How to protect yourself and your children. Link to page.

World Health Organization (WHO)

WHO. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) situation reports. Link to daily situation reports.

WHO. (2020). Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus that causes it. Link to page.

WHO. (2020, April 28). New FAQs address healthcare workers questions on breastfeeding and COVID-19. See article and download .pdf (includes FAQs for professionals and a decision tree).

WHO. (n.d.). Breastfeeding advice during the COVID-19 break. Link to page.

WHO. (2020, March 17). Home care for patients with COVID-19 presenting with mild symptoms and management of their contacts. Interim guidance. (See p. 2, Footnote c, regarding breastfeeding mothers.) Link to page.

WHO. (n.d.). Pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding and COVID-19 [downloadable infographics]. Link to page.

WHO. (2020, May 28). Online Launch: 2020 Status Report on the National Implementation of the Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. Download audio-video recording of the event. (Access password is under the link to the a-v recording.)

      • WHO. (2020, May 27). Marketing of breast milk substitutes: National implementation of the international code, status report 2020. Free download.

European Milk Banking Association (EMBA)

EMBA. (2020,  February 25). COVID-19: EMBA position statement

COVID-19 Educational Offerings and Resources

American Public Health Association (APHA) & the National Academy of Medicine (NAM)

APHA & NAM. (Various dates; All recorded). Covid-19 Conversations – Responding to COVID-19: A Science-Based Approach.

    • Webinar #9: The Road to Immunity During COVID-19 – Developing and Distributing a Vaccine, June 10, 2020, 5:00 – 6:30 EDT
    • Webinar #8: Summer of COVID-19: Mitigating Direct and Indirect Impacts in the coming Months, May 27,2020, 5:00 – 6:30 EDT
    • Webinar #7: Toward the “New Normal” — Protecting Public Health as America Reopens, May 13, 5:00-6:30 p.m. EDT
    • Webinar #6: COVID-19 and Health Equity – Exploring Disparities and Long-Term Health Impacts, April 29, 2020, 5:00-6:30 p.m. EDT
    • Webinar #5: COVID-19 Testing: Possibilities, Challenges, and Ensuring Equity
    • Webinar #4: Crisis Standards of Care During COVID-19
    • Webinar #3: Emerging Evidence on COVID-19 Spread and Treatment, April 9, 2020
    • Webinar #2: The Science of Social Distancing, Part 2
    • Webinar #1: The Science of Social Distancing, Part 1

APHA. (n.d.). Coronavirus: How to protect yourself from CPVID-19 [Health Education Resouces].  Link to page.

University of Minnesota, School of Public Health (UMN, SoPH)

UMN, SoPH. (n.d.) Science and Research. (Links to current COVID-19 research projects.)

UMN, SoPH. (n.d.). COVID-19 Events. (Links to upcoming on-line events and past recorded events.)

University of North Carolina (UNC), Gillings School of Global Public Health (GSPH), Carolina Global Breastfeeding Institute (CGBI)

UNC, GSPH, CGBI. (2020, April 28). COVID-19 L.I.F.E. Support Resources.

California Breastfeeding Coalition (CBC)

CBC. (2020, April 20). Providing the Best Possible Solutions in Less Than Ideal Circumstances. Speakers: Lori Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH and Lauren Hanley, MD, IBCLC, FACOG, FABM. Register to Register to watch the recording of this webinar on-demand.

CBC. (2020, Mar. 27). COVID-19: Infant Feeding during the Postpartum Period. Speaker: Aunchalee Palmquist, PhD. IBCLC. Register to watch the recording of this webinar on-demand.

Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment (CDPH&E)

CDPH&E. (n.d.) Pregnancy and breastfeeding frequently asked questions. Pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Wellness Society

The Wellness Society. (2020). Coronavirus anxiety workbook: A tool to help you build resilience during difficult times.

Institute for the Advancement of Breastfeeding and Lactation Education (IABLE)

IABLE. Clinical Questions/LactFacts. Link

IABLE. (2020, April 6). SARS-Cov-2 and human milk banking. LInk

    • Chin, A. W. H., Chu, J. T. S., Perera, M. R. A., Hui, K. P. Y., Yen, H.-L., Chan, M. C. W., Peiris, M., & Poon, L. L. M. (In Press [Available on-line 2020, April 2.]). Stability of SARS-CoV-2 in different environmental conditions. Lancet Microbe. doi

IABLE. (2020, March 30). Telehealth for Breastfeeding Families During COVID-19 Pandemic. Link

    • U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2020, March 30).

      Notification of enforcement discretion for telehealth remote communications during the COVID-19 nationwide public health emergency. Link 

IABLE. (2020, March 23). Antiviral factors in breastmilk that protect from severe respiratory illness. Link

    • Beghetti, I., Biagi, E., Martini, S., Brigidi, P., Corvaglia, L., Aceti, A. (2019.) Human milk’s hidden gift: Implications of the milk microbiome for preterm infants’ health. Nutrients, 11(12), 2944. doi

Research and Scholarship

Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Center for Humanitarian Health (CHH)

JHU, CHH. (2020, April 28). COVID-19, Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition – What does the science tell us? A repository (with regular updates).

University of Minnesota, School of Public Health (UMN, SoPH)

UMN, SoPH. (n.d.) Science and Research. (Links to current COVID-19 research projects.)

Breastfeeding Medicine

Stuebe, A. (2020, April 9, published online). Should infants be separated from mothers with COVID-19? First, do no harm. Breastfeeding Medicine, 15(5). doi

Journal of Human Lactation

Marinelli, K. A. (2020, March 30, OnlineFirst). International perspectives concerning donor milk banking During the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic. Journal of Human Lactation, 36(2). doi

Berveiller, P., Guerby, P., & Garabedian, C. (2020, April 1 Online First). COVID19 and breastfeeding: Not that simple [Letter to Editor]. Journal of Human Lactation, 36(2). doi

Marinelli, K. A., & Lawrence, R. M. (2020, April 3 OnlineFirst). Safe Handling of Containers of Expressed Human Milk in all Settings During the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic. Journal of Human Lactation, 36(2). doi (Includes links to Letters to Editors and authors’ response). 

Journal of Hospital Infection

Kampf, G., Todt, D., Pfaender, S., & Steinmann, E. (2020, Feb. 6). Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(3), 246-251. doi

Journal of Infection

Liu, Y., Chen, H., Tang, K., & Guo, Y. (2020 [Preproof; Available on-line Mar 5]). Clinical manifestations and outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy. Journal of Infection. doi


Chen, H., Guo, J., Wang, C., Luo, F., Yu, X., Zhang, W., Li, J., Zhao, D., Xu, D., Gong, Q., Liao, J., Yang, H., Hou, W., & Zhang, Y. (2020, Feb. 12). Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: A retrospective review of medical records. Lancet, 395(10226), 809–815. doi

New England Journal of Medicine

Sutton, D., Fuchs, K., D’Alton, M., & Goffman, D. (2020 [Available on-line ahead of print April 13]). Universal screening for SARS-CoV-2 in women admitted for delivery [Letter]. New England Journal of Medicine. doi 

Healthy Babies . Healthy Families . Healthy Communities